Perhaps one of the most important stages of a chicks
development, and one of the most overlooked elements,
is the brooding of the new born quail.
chicks are removed from the incubator they must be
have an area which is warm and dry. This area is
regarded as a 'Brooder'. A brooder should have an
area that is heated to 100 degrees to allow chicks to
stay warm. The brooder must also provide a source of
water and food.
Floor Brooders: A common method of brooding
quail is with a floor brooder.
is typically only used with large numbers of quail.
When using this method an area of the floor is
sectioned off using 18" border to confine the chicks.
As the young quail grow, the border area can be
expanded to allow the chicks to move about the entire
room freely. One major disadvantage to Floor Brooders
is the danger of a DRAFT. Special caution should be
used to eliminate the opportunity of a draft in your
brooder area. Drafts will cause chicks to chill -
making them sick - often causing death.
Box Type Brooders: The most common type of
brooder used for raising quail chicks are Box Type
Brooders. These brooders can be made of plywood,
sturdy sheet metal or even an aquarium. A source of
heat can be provided by a heat lamp or custom heating
element with a thermostat. Box Type Brooders are much
more effective at controlling heat and are much easier
to keep clean. When considering a material for the
bottom of the brooder, ensure that only material is
used that will allow adequate traction for the young
quail to walk on. DO NOT use materials that are
slippery, such as, newspaper.
and Water: Commercial feeds are available from
local farm feed stores. When preparing feed for young
quail - it is important to grind the feed to a smooth,
fine texture. This will allow the quail to consume the
feed without choking on large pieces.
Temperature: As the young quail develop and
grow - it is necessary to reduce the temperature in
the brooder each week. A rule of thumb is to reduce
the temperature 5 degrees each week. Coturnix quail
mature at 6 weeks, so temperature can be reduced
faster than for Bobwhite quail.